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tv   BBC News  BBC News  May 2, 2022 4:00am-4:31am BST

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welcome to bbc news — i'm david eades. our top stories: trapped for weeks in a steelworks in mariupol — dozens of ukrainian civilians are evacuated after sheltering in desperate conditions from russian bombardment. translation: when the shells started landing there, - i thought my heart would stop and i would not survive. the us house speaker nancy pelosi visits kyiv with a promise to president zelensky that american support will continue �*until the fight is done'. more anti—government protests in sri lanka over the crippling cost of living. tens of thousands march in may day protests
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across france against plans by president macron to raise the retirement age. new zealand reopens its borders to international tourists, for the first time in more than two years. . the southeastern port city of mariupol is a shell of what is was before the russian invasion began. but throughout the bombardment, many civilians have been stuck there despite repeated efforts to get them to safety. now the red cross and the united nations are helping in an operation to move them. a convoy of vehicles made it to mariupol on saturday to take out some of the hundreds of people trapped in the city's vast azovstal steel plant. these images show
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evacuees arriving earlier on sunday at their first stop in donetsk on the russian border — they're accompanied by red cross and un staff. but around a thousand more civilians are still sheltering inside the complex, along with around 2000 ukrainian fighters, who are making a last stand in the city that has been almost completely destroyed by russian forces. 0ur correspondent laura bicker is in zaporizhzhia, where the evacuated civilians are being taken. after 60 days in darkness. they can finally crawl into the daylight. above ground, they pick through the rubble, the remains of their place of refuge. they've lived in a maze of tunnels below this vast steel plant for weeks. the only way to survive the russian bombardment. svetoslav was six months old yesterday. nearly half his life has been underground.
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supplies have been cut off for weeks. "the children were hungry," this woman says. more than 100 people have been allowed to leave. their horror is over, for now. translation: i can't believe it, two months of darkness. l when we were in the bus i told my husband, we won't be needing to go to the toilet with a torch and use a bag as a loo. sobs the azovstal steel plant is one of the biggest in the world. a unit of ukrainian fighters has tried to hold on to the site as this once vibrant european city was pounded by the russians. civilians took shelter underground alongside them, but the bombing was relentless. the azov group claim that even their hospital was targeted. people have experienced fragmentation wounds, lacerations, the fractures, bullet wounds, wound channels. it is amputations, serious condition, critical condition.
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there are a couple of hundred of them. but now there is a glimmer of hope. it will be a tense wait to see if more will make it out of this city alive. around 100 civilians are expected here in zaporizhzhia tomorrow, but there are hundreds more still trapped within the steelworks. there are thought to be 100,000 people within the city of mariupol itself. that gives you an idea of the scale of the operation still to come. talks are under way, but i'm told those negotiations are delicate, tense and complicated. everyone wants to see this succeed. laura bicker, bbc news, zaporizhzhia. meanwhile, in kyiv, nancy pelosi, the speaker of the us house of representatives, has made a surprise visit for talks with ukraine's president volodymyr zelensky. she said the united states would stand with ukraine until the "fight is done" and said congress would move quickly to deliver $33 billion worth of aid proposed by president biden.
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ben brown reports. nancy pelosi is the latest high—profile international political figure to come to kyiv and offer president zelenskyy moral support. and he's getting much more than that from the united states, some $33 billion worth of economic, humanitarian and military assistance promised by president biden. speaking in poland after nancy pelosi had left ukraine, she said ukraine is fighting for everyone's freedom. do not be bullied by bullies. if they're making threats, you cannot back down. that's my view of it, that we're there for the fight. and you cannot fold to a bully. russia is now stepping up its offensive on the eastern front in donbas, raining down rockets, artillery and tank fire
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on ukrainian trenches and bunkers. after two months on the front line, these ukrainian troops from the 81st brigade are now pulling back for a short rest, a break from the relentless russian onslaught that has killed and injured many of their colleagues. a combat doctor treats some of the troops for trench foot because they haven't been able to change soaking wet boots and socks. translation: this is a good opportunity for the boys - to rest and to return to the fight with new energy, to recover physically, morally and psychologically. but before too long, his men will be heading back to the front line, perhaps to face an even more ferocious russian attack. this war, which president putin had hoped would only last for a few days, could now rage on for months or even years to come, consuming more lives with every
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passing day. the russian foreign minister has accused western media organisations of —— misrepresenting russiawe have been speaking to the chair of the arms. been speaking to the chair of the arm-— been speaking to the chair of the arms. , ., , the arms. president putin has made nuclear _ the arms. president putin has made nuclear threats, - the arms. president putin has made nuclear threats, drawn | the arms. president putin has| made nuclear threats, drawn a claire redline that he might use nuclear weapons if the united states or nato become directly involved militarily or the russian state itself is under some strategic threat. so he has made this repeatedly, this kind of threat repeatedly,
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it does raise the risk, i think of nuclear use, higher than it has been for decades, and the rest comes from the possibility, that is this long conflict drags on, nato and russian forces come into direct conflict, the war escalates to be a wider conflict and one side or the other might deploy nuclear weapons on the so—called battlefield to try to win the day or tip the favour, in the side. figs win the day or tip the favour, in the side.— in the side. as the risk the fact he is _ in the side. as the risk the fact he is talking _ in the side. as the risk the fact he is talking about - in the side. as the risk the fact he is talking about it. | fact he is talking about it. both sides hold that as a reserve position. we might, in extremis, use extremist —— nuclear weapons, that is stated? it nuclear weapons, that is stated? , nuclear weapons, that is stated? . stated? it is affected the nuclear age _ stated? it is affected the nuclear age might -- - stated? it is affected the l nuclear age might -- each stated? it is affected the - nuclear age might -- each side nuclear age might —— each side might use nuclear weapons if attacked with nuclear weapons. what we are talking about here
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is the president of russia making nuclear threats against any site that might interfere in a russian war of aggression against a non—nuclear democratic state, this has never happened in the nuclear age. and i think we need to recognise this is a significant, and, ithink, in my view, illegal entirely responsible threat from russia, and we have to understand that the risk is real, american officials warn about the potential, we have heard american officials try to downplay the potential. but the risk is there and the redline russia has drawn as if nato becomes directly involved. daryl kimball talking to me earlier. the rising cost of living is something of a global crisis. sri lanka is farfrom
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immune. tens of thousands of people have taken to the streets of the capital, colombo, protesting against very steep price hikes for essential goods. part of the sri lankan problem is a lack of foreign currency reserves, which means the island nation of 22 million people, is struggling to pay forfood, fuel and foreign medicines. the latest rally brought together people from all the country's different ethnic groups in opposition to the government. from colombo, anbarasan ethirajan. a bruised economy bringing thousands to the streets. the country has run out of cash, struggles to import essential items. but these sri lankans aren't giving up. they demand a course correction. people are dying in the queues. vimarsana ranasinghe has been camping here for 18 days. for people like her, basics have become luxury. you cannot afford to live here. food prices are increasing day by day and shortage of fuel, gas and all other essential goods
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and also medicine, so it is very difficult to live. i personally stopped buying fresh milk because i can't afford it anymore. a classic case of a country living beyond its means. now colombo is running from pillar to post for loans. a rude awakening for sri lankans. protesters chant i have been coming to sri lanka for the past 25 years and these protests are quite extraordinary. ethnic fault lines, they run very deep here in sri lanka, but the cost of living crisis has brought the three major communities — the sinhalese, muslims and tamils — together. elsewhere in colombo, in a show of strength, the opposition turned up in huge numbers. the present government has led our country to total ba nkru ptcy. there is abject poverty in all sectors of society.
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this government is an incompetent government. they cannot govern, they have to go home. the government is on the back foot. it now admits to a colossal failure in managing the economy. yes, we missed the point. we should have known, for example, 2020 when we started with a fresh government. no—one can say that we didn't have the facts. i mean, if you are a good analyst of the economic situation, you should have known that this is coming. the only thing that you couldn't have predicted was the corona impact. the country's economic recovery is going to be long and arduous. these people want to ensure the government gets it right this time. anbarasan ethirajan, bbc news, colombo.
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britons, americans and travellers from 60 other countries can go to new zealand as it continues to ease border rules. forfamilies torn as it continues to ease border rules. for families torn about by covid—19, what country are they going to find. a greeting a long time coming. the biggest day yet new zealand reopening to the world but for these passengers it's so much more. i originally applied for a working holiday bees in february 2020 and i'm finally here. �* ., february 2020 and i'm finally here. �* . ., , ., here. amazing, the older you aet here. amazing, the older you net the here. amazing, the older you get the more _ here. amazing, the older you get the more home _ here. amazing, the older you get the more home becomes| get the more home becomes important, i'm getting old and becoming very important, tremendous. this is three generations here. we tremendous. this is three generations here. we must as brother's _ generations here. we must as brother's wedding _ generations here. we must as brother's wedding because - generations here. we must as brother's wedding because of| brother's wedding because of covid—19, we couldn't calm, it was very hard. we are very glad to be back. i'm sorry.—
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to be back. i'm sorry. from today vaccinated _ to be back. i'm sorry. from today vaccinated travellers | today vaccinated travellers from 60 countries allowed to new zealand without quarantine. they are arriving to a nation still adjusting to the idea of living with the virus. for most of the pandemic cases stayed very low here, a policy putting people ahead of the economy that saved thousands of lives and proved popularfor new zealanders. forsome and proved popularfor new zealanders. for some patients began to wear than with the strict approach of feeling that as the world is a opening up they are being left behind. violent protesting in wellington in march shocked the country. police clashing with a vocal minority, angry over restrictions and about losing jobs and they didn't getjabs. 95% of adults are vaccinated most rules have been stripped away. but people are still nervous, recently new zealand has seen one of the highest covid—19 transmission rates,
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700 people help now died of the virus is. it 700 people help now died of the virus is. , ., ., virus is. it is tough going from having _ virus is. it is tough going from having virtually - virus is. it is tough going from having virtually no. virus is. it is tough going - from having virtually no cases and deaths for that long period, announcing people die every day and i think that is a slight shock. we have kind of got used to that but it is still unpleasant. it got used to that but it is still unpleasant.- got used to that but it is still unpleasant. it will be late in the _ still unpleasant. it will be late in the year— still unpleasant. it will be late in the year until - still unpleasant. it will be late in the year until new| late in the year until new zealand welcomes travellers from other parts of the globe, including india but for those who can arrive, this is. nooote still to come, researchers create the most intricate three day model of the female body —— 3d model of the female body —— 3d model of the female body to better understand their anatomy. i, nelson rolihlahla mandela, do hereby swear to be faithful to the republic of south africa. after six years of construction and numerous delays, the channel tunnel has been
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formally opened by the queen and former president mitterand. the tunnel is still not ready for passenger and freight services to begin. for centuries, christianity and islam struggled for supremacy. now, the pope's visit symbolises their willingness to coexist. roger bannister becamel the first man in the world to run a mile in- underfour minutes. memories of victory, as the ve celebrations reach their climax. this night is dedicated to everyone who believes in our future of peace and freedom. this is bbc news.
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our top story: an operation is under way in ukraine to evacuate civilians from the besieged azovstal steel plant in mariupol. around 100 people have left so far, assisted by the un and the red cross. tens of thousands of people have marched in france for may day protests, challenging president emmanuel macron�*s agenda ahead of the june parliamentary elections. mr macron had said he would unite france after winning a second term. the bbc�*s azadai moshiri reports. some may have given president emmanuel macron a second term, but these tens of thousands of protesters are not letting him off the hook yet. translation: macron has been re-elected but he was _ re—elected to stop the far right. yes, but not for his programme and so today i think
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it's important to show macron and the rest of the political world that we are ready to protest to defend our social rights, defend what we stand for. may day marches returned to france, with officials counting more than 116,000 people in attendance, largely made up of trade unionists, climate campaigners and left—leaning parties. and while they started off peaceful... shouting ..some turned violent, with storefronts like this mcdonald's left in tatters, and police firing tear gas on protesters, arresting 5a in the capital. their main grievances, salaries, as well as plans to raise the retirement age from 62. and there's a lot riding on this for the president. he may have won a new five—year term after beating his far—right challenger marine le pen, but parliamentary
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elections are fast approaching and his opponents aren't done fighting. translation: we have never been in a better position _ for parliamentary elections at this time. why? because you know it. everywhere i go and everywhere my comrades go, they hear it's a third round soon, we'll be there. president macron has insisted his second term will be different. gone is his top—down leadership style. he's in listening mode now. but these voters are making it clear that they will hold him to his promise. nazanine moshiri, bbc news. millions of muslims around the world are celebrating the end of ramadan. in afghanistan, the first time the event has been held since the taliban took back control of the country. similar pictures coming from the african state of mali. in
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bangladesh, thousands of people are trying to get home so they can spend eid with their families. the festivities will go on until tuesday. the speaker of the house of commons has called for a radical review of working practices, following a series of sexual misconduct and bullying claims against politicians. here's our political correspondent, ben wright. sexism and misogyny... sexual misconduct... there are some bad apples who are out of order, who behave like animals and are bringing parliament into disrepute. it's been a grim week for parliament, with mps agreeing this place needs to change. a moment of madness, and also totally wrong... yesterday, the tory mp neil parish quit, after admitting to watching pornography on his phone in the house of commons.
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that followed the backlash to an article about labour's deputy leader, angela rayner. there was cross—party outrage at a story saying she crossed and uncrossed her legs to distract borisjohnson. today, a tory source claimed that, after investigating the matter, ms rayner had originally made the comments herself. labour called that a "vile, sexist smear." it's all put a spotlight on the culture of the commons. i think we've got to distinguish between some bad apples, people who behave badly, and the general environment. it's very similar to when people say, "oh, well, there are a number of racist people in this country, so that means the whole country is racist". that doesn't follow. female mps have been speaking out about their experiences of sexism and harassment, and there is concern women could be deterred from going into politics in the first place. it's been really difficult to get women to come forward and stand for an election, because there is a sense that politics and public life is not a safe space for women any more.
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we need to show to women and girls, if you come - into politics, it's going to be i an environment where you feel safe, you'll feel respected. parliament is certainly a unique workplace. mps employ their staff directly. it's a place of late nights, long hours, powerful people and boozy bars. a new process for dealing with sexual harassment and bullying complaints was introduced four years ago. everything that we've talked about in the last week is a breach of the rules already, but the key thing is, do we make sure that those rules are then enforced? i express my sympathy... but the speaker of the house of commons says there now needs to be an urgent review into how westminster works. he wants cross—party talks, and swift reform. i think he wants to pull parties together and see what else can be done. i'm very happy to participate in that because we can't go on with allegations coming out overand overagain.
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so the question is, what can be done to change the culture here? today, the commons speaker, sir lindsay hoyle, said he was considering putting an outside body in charge of employing parliamentary aides. but some mps doubt that will make any difference to tackling the problems of sexism, misogyny and bullying that have damaged parliament's reputation once again. changing working structures could be easier than improving standards at westminster. ben wright, bbc news. could this be one of the biggest advances in female health issues? the most intricate, 3d model of the female body has been produced to help medical students in the study of human anatomy. historically, they have had to rely on images of the male body. it is hoped this new software will mark a change in their understanding. our medical editor,
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fergus walsh, has the story. the female anatomy, in all its minute and precise detail. something that's been largely missing from medical textbooks and teaching over the centuries. just this angle, here, in females is much wider than we would see in males. at brighton and sussex medical school, first—year students have been taught using this new 3d female anatomy tool. next, we are going to add on the breast tissue. the male body has been the default reference image for medical textbooks. several studies suggest women are more likely to be misdiagnosed than men for a range of conditions. previously, the teaching of anatomy has always been based on the male form, and then the differences in females added on as an almost strange kind of adjunct. so it wasn't providing that really accurate information at students' fingertips, which they need, not only when they are learning, but when they're doctors in practice. these students have yet to study on actual patients, but the hope is, by having both female and male anatomies, in exquisite detail, it'll help prepare them for medicine in the real world.
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it makes a huge difference, because women aren't just the sort of small men that medical textbooks usually make them out to be. we can see the full differences, ratherthanjust putting some anatomical aspects of a female onto a male pelvis, we can see an actual female pelvis, and the acute differences. it's a far cry from anatomical images of centuries past, which often relied on dissected bodies of male criminals. and it's much wider in females than it is in males. _ the developers say the female 3d anatomy is the most detailed ever produced, and is already being used in over 350 universities. fergus walsh, bbc news, brighton.
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pa rt part of that story on the website. and the pictures to go with it as well. you are watching bbc news. thanks for being with us. hello. the weather's been very mixed in the last couple of days. generally, a lot of cloud about, occasional outbreaks of rain, and the outlook for the next two or three days is more or less the same. again, plenty of cloud, just a few sunny spells and scattered showers. but the really thick cloud with the outbreaks of rain that we had in the last day and a half has now moved to the south. it's in the english channel. it's just hugging the south coast through the early hours. so bits and pieces of rain from the tip of cornwall, devon, perhaps the isle of wight. elsewhere, across the country, it's a cloudy early start, with mist and murk in places, perhaps a bit of drizzle here and there, and not cold — between six and ten degrees. so, here's bank holiday monday, starting off pretty cloudy in most areas. there will be some sunshine developing, certainly across western parts of scotland, northern ireland,
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around the irish sea. inland, there'll be sunny spells too, but also, inland, showers will start to develop almost anywhere, i think through the course of the morning into the afternoon. temperatures only 10 in scotland, maybe 17 in the south of the uk. now, here's the weather map for tuesday. a weather front tries to push into the northwest of the uk. here it is, just to the northwest of our neighbourhood. but i think, generally speaking, we are talking about light winds, a lot of cloud, showers perhaps brewing, particularly around wales and the south of england. the driest of the weather will be on the east coast there, but cold — only ten in newcastle, nine degrees in aberdeen. so that was tuesday, this is wednesday. again, more of the same. there's very little wind in the atmosphere to push things around. so we keep that cloud, but showers are expected to form once again, particularly across central and more more especially southern parts of england, but temperatures recovering
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to 17 in london, and around 15 in the lowlands of scotland. now, towards the end of the week, we are anticipating a change. the azores high is expected to build in, and with that also comes a warmer atmosphere. a warmer current is going to spread across the country, so that means temperatures are expected to rise. so here's the summary, the outlook. here's bank holiday monday, often cloudy for many of us, with just a few sunny spells. and then towards the end of the week, we're expecting those temperatures to rise. bye— bye.
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including india but for those who can arrive, this is. this is bbc news. the headlines. dozens of civilians evacuated from the besieged ukrainian city of mariupol have spoken about the desperate conditions in the steelworks where they've been sheltering from relentless russian bombardments. many of the evacuees spent weeks in tunnels under the azovstal industrial complex. tens of thousands of people have taken to the streets of the sri lankan capital, colombo, protesting steep price hikes for essential goods. dwindling foreign currency reserves have left the island nation of 22 million people, struggling to pay for food, fuel and basic medicines. tens of thousands of people have marched in france for may day protests, challenging president emmanuel macron�*s agenda ahead
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of the june parliamentary elections.

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